SCANDANAVIA . Position and war game Tafl games come from a ,family of ancient Germanic and Celtic strategy board games which can be played on various sizes of board from 7 x 7 up to 19 x 19 . The object of the game if for the attackers to surround the King on all sides and the King has to escape by reaching the side of the board ,all pieces move in a straight line horizontally or vertically as many open spaces as required like castles in chess.
INDONESIA War game This is a traditional board game from Java, where Surakarta is the Capital . Opponents pieces are taken by going round one or a series of either inner or outer circles .It may be helpful to call this game roundabouts for younger children.
A Creative game invented by INVENTAGAME where pins are placed in the centre of the circles which form the "flower of life"( a geometric pattern consisting of overlapping circles) ribbons are then used to create any design or a colour code can be used to form a 2d representation of 4 of the platonic solids : cube , tetrahedron ,octahedron and icosahedron. Other shapes such as rectangles ,triangles , stars ,hexagons and spirals can aslo be made.
SRI LANKA INDIA War game , Another strength versus number game similar to tigers and goats and fox and geese where one plays with 2 leopards and another with 24 cows. Beginning with all tiles outside the board, the players take turns first placing the tiles inside and later moving them from one intersection to another. The leopards must capture all the cows jumping over them while the the cows attempt to immobilize the leopards.
EGYPT . A Position game similar to 9 men Morris and Tic Tac Toe (using the same board) where each player has 3 pieces and tries to form a line of 3 different form the original line in the start position. Strategy, tactics, observation
NORTH AFRICA Spiral race game .A mother starting from the villages rolls a dice and sets off for the well in the centre ,when she arrives she washes her clothes in the well and sets returns to the village The first player to get their mother back to the village wins the game an then is allowed to play the hyena. The hyena moves at twice the speed of the mothers (double the score of the die), and any mothers the hyena passes on the return journey are eaten and removed from the game. A similar spiral race game from Egypt is called Mehen and is from around 3000 BC and the board represents a serpent. These games are based on luck.
INDONESIA Mancala game . A puzzle played by 1 person or a team . The game consists of 5 sections. 4 smaller sections in which 2 counters are placed in each and a larger RUMA (Rumah means house in Malay) section which is the home base. Objective is to get all pieces into the home base . Strategy ,prediction
ARABIA .War game . Pieces move diagonally and remove the opponents pieces by jumping over them. Draughts developed from an Arabic game called Quirkat or al-qirqalquerque. Which was later adopted by the Spanish and became known as Alquerquet. The name derives from the verb to draw or to move.
EGYPT War/Position game .Still played today in Somalia, Sudan and Egypt .The objective is to place 2 pieces around an opponents to remove them . With younger children presenting the game as " sandwiches" with the pieces being the bread and the opponents piece being the filling which gets eaten may aid understanding and add fun .
CHINA : A Puzzle square which can be recreated in the classrom . The ancient Chinese story of the tangram is that a sage, a wise old man was to take a precious sheet of glass to the king who needed a window in his palace. The square piece of glass was wrapped in silk and canvas and carried in the sage's backpack. The journey was long, the sage crossed a desert and rivers, and he travelled through forests and fields. He arrived at a rugged mountain range and climbed to the summit of a high, rocky peak. At the top of the mountain he looked into the distance and glimpsed the palace.
Pleased that he had almost arrived, he stumbled and tumbled down the side of the mountain. The glass was broken. When he met the king he told of his journey and admitted that the glass was broken. The square glass was unwrapped from its silk and canvas case and the sage was surprised to see that glass was not shattered but divided into seven geometric shapes.
The sage moved the shapes around and made images to describe his journey.
He showed the king his home, a camel he had seen in the desert, monks he met on his way, a boat on the river he crossed and the mountain range where he fell.
ROMAN EMPIRE , Position game which reached its maximum popularity in medieval England and can be found in several castles. Each player has nine pieces and tries to form lines of 3 (mills) . When a line of 3 is made an opponents pieces is removed .this continues until one player is left with only 2 pieces. Stategy ,prediction and observation
RUSSIA .War game. 2 soldiers try to defend their stronghold from a band of 24 pirates , a classic game of strength versus numbers the soldiers can remove the pirates by jumping over them and the pirates have to use their numbers to storm the castle and occupy the 9 spaces inside.
EASTERN INDIA . War game . Originally known as Chaturanga .Now played by millions of people worldwide, both amateurs and professionals.Object is to place opponents king in "check mate" Many variation exists such as pawns , dice chess , 3d chess ,circular and hexagonal chess. The 8 queen puzzle can also be presented to students on this board
AFRICA Mancala game . Mancala is a generic name for a family of 2-player strategy board games played with small stones or seeds and rows of holes or pits in the earth, a board or egg boxes. The object is to sow the seeds in a clockwise direction each time the seeds pass the home base one is collected , The strategy come from the position of where the last seed lands if in the home base an extra go is given and if in an empty space seeds in the opponents opposite space are captured. Many variations exist around the world.
SRI LANKA .War game similar to "Draughts" 16 pieces move diagonally trying to jump over the opponents pieces.Its closest relatives are Peralikatuma and Kotu Ellima which are from the Indian subcontinent and each player has 23 or 24 pieces respectively.